Learn 10 English PHRASAL VERBS with “UP”: dress up, wash up, grow up…

Hi. This is Gill
at www.engvid.com, and in today’s lesson we’re going
to be looking at some phrasal verbs using the preposition “up”. So, a
phrasal verb, just to remind you, is the verb plus the preposition. So, in this
case, the preposition in all of these examples is “up”, so it’s being put with a main
verb to turn it into a phrasal verb. Okay? So let’s have a look
at what we have here. So, first of all: “Children
love to dress up.” Okay? Children like
to put clothes on, maybe their mother’s clothes, put makeup on,
ear rings, all sorts of things to dress up. So, that’s the phrasal verb. “To dress up”
is to put sort of special clothes on for, you know, just for fun really. Adults dress up
as well if they’re going somewhere special. “Oh, we’ll have to dress
up for this party”, put some jewellery on and
a long full-length’s dress or a tuxedo with a bowtie, all that
sort of thing. Dressing up in special clothes for a special occasion.
Okay? Dressing up. Second one: “It’s time to drink up – the bar
is closing.” So, “to drink up” is to finish your drink. Drink up, you’re putting the glass
up like that to finish your drink because the bar is closing and you have to go, so
you don’t want to leave your drink there. You want to drink it because you paid for
it, so you don’t want to waste it. Okay. “Time to drink up”. Right, now, this is a common complaint
that somebody in the household: “He never washes up.” And we have the noun from this: “the washing
up”, which is about washing the dishes after a meal. “He
never washes up.”, “To wash up” means washing
all the dishes after a meal. Okay. Now, next one, if there’s
a word you don’t know: “I don’t know that word –
I’ll have to look it up.” So the phrasal verb is “to look up”.
But you’ll notice that the pronoun “it” has to go in the middle there. You
don’t… You can’t say: “I have to look up it.” You have to put the pronoun in the
middle: “I have to look it up.” Okay. Right, so and “looking it up”,
that means getting the dictionary or using a computer,
looking for the word to find the meaning. “Looking it up”
means find the page, look down the page: “Ah, there it is. What does it mean?
Ah, okay.” Looking up, referring to
a book or referring to a website to find out
the definition. Okay, next one: “I can’t
hear you – please speak up.” Okay? “Speak up”
means get louder, say it louder. “I can’t hear you. Please speak
up. Turn up the volume.” Okay? “Speak up”. Okay, next one, you’re
studying and you say: “I’m having to read up on Shakespeare
for the test next week.” So, if you “read up” on a subject
that means you’re reading lots of information about the subject. You’re finding
books, you’re finding websites, all sorts of sources to get lots of information, learning
all the information, get it into your head for a test, for the
test next week. “Reading up” means to gather
information about a subject. Okay. Right. Now, this next one is not a very nice
thing to say to somebody, especially if they’re maybe over 40: “When are you going
to grow up?” Okay? It’s okay… If you say it to a
child, that doesn’t really make sense because a child hasn’t grown up yet.
But people tend to say this to adults because if an adult is
behaving in a very silly way like a child, a childish way, somebody
might say to them: “When are you going to grow up?” Meaning become mature. “Grow
up” can mean to get taller, but it also means to
become more sensible, more mature, you know, be a more responsible
adult person. Okay. Rather than messing about and being silly. All right. Okay, next one: “You’ve
really messed that up.” So, mess… “To mess
up”, if you mess up… And again, you’ll see another word comes
in between, but this is the phrasal verb: “to mess up”. “To mess something
up” is to do something badly. Just a mess is untidy, not very good. If you mess something up, you’ve
made a very bad job of it. You’ve not done it at all well. You’ve
done it very badly. Okay. Next one: “What are
you cooking up now?” So, “to cook up”, you
might think this is some food that you’re cooking in the kitchen, but
in this sense it’s more metaphorical. If you cook something up, you’re planning something.
And the sense of it is you’re being quite devious about it. It’s something a
bit, you know, not quite right. “Cooking something up” means having
a plan to do something a bit… A bit naughty perhaps. “What are you cooking up now?
What are you planning?” Okay. And then finally: “You’re making
it all up, aren’t you?” So, again, there’s our phrasal
verb: “to make up”, but this time we have two words
in between: “it” whatever it is and “all”. You can just say:
“You’re making it up, aren’t you?” But if you say: “You’re making it all up”,
this really means you’re inventing something. You’re inventing a story. It’s not true. It’s untrue, it’s false, it’s
fiction. But maybe a policeman interviewing a suspect and the suspect has done a
crime, but they have some… They say: “Oh no, I wasn’t in that shop yesterday. I didn’t
steal that television. I was somewhere else. I was a hundred miles away.” But it’s not true. They’re making it up.
They’re making up a story which is not true. Okay? So: “You’re making it
all up, aren’t you?” Okay. So, I hope that’s been
interesting and helpful for you. If you’d like to take a quiz on this
topic, go to the website www.engvid.com, and hope to see you again very soon.
Okay. All the best. Bye.

100 thoughts on “Learn 10 English PHRASAL VERBS with “UP”: dress up, wash up, grow up…

  1. Your explanations are so good! You do it very well. Everything is clear to be able to understand. I love that😄

  2. ı appreciate your determination and being a prolific person .your way of teaching is so clear and helpful .ı wish you all the best.a life time devoted to educating people is really impressive.

  3. Thanks ma'am, it was really useful,after watching this video now I'm not obligated to look these phrasal verbs up

  4. O inglês britânico é tão claro que se compreende perfeitamente. Mas no Brasil é mais comum ouvir o americano. Mas a professora é ótima e entendo tudo que ela fala.

  5. love u gill,please i waana know the difference between elongate,prolong,lengthen,extend,enlarge,stretch out…..etc
    thank u v.much indeed in advance.

  6. Hello teacher could u use pictures when u explain the listen please because this is easy when u explain thank u very much ♥️🤗🌹🌹🌹🌹🌹🤗🤗🤗🤗🤗🤗🤗

  7. Hello Gill. I bumped into your video on YouTube and I found it really useful. I've a question though. In the 6th example can we use another preposition instead of "ON"?. Can we use "ABOUT" too?
    Thanks in advance

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